Constituted 1 July 1916 in the Regular Army as Troops L and M, 19th Cavalry. Organized 11 June 1917 at Fort Ethan Allen, Vermont. Consolidated, converted, and redesignated 1 November 1917 as Battery F, 77th Field Artillery. (77th Field Artillery assigned 19 November 1917 to the 4th Division.) Inactivated 21 September 1921 at Camp Lewis, Washington. (77th Field Artillery relieved 24 March 1923 from assignment to the 4th Division and assigned to the 7th Division; relieved 1 January 1930 from assignment to the 7th Division and assigned to the 4th Division.) Activated 1 May 1939 at Fort D.A. Russell, Wyoming. (77th Field Artillery relieved 16 October 1939 from assignment to the 4th Division.)
Reorganized and redesignated 24 February 1944 as Battery C, 631st Field Artillery Battalion. Inactivated 8 September 1945 in Italy. Redesignated 4 November 1946 as Battery C, 85th Field Artillery Battalion. Activated 1 July 1948 at Fort Riley, Kansas, as an element of the 10th Infantry Division. Inactivated 1 July 1957 in Germany and relieved from assignment to the 10th Infantry division.
Redesignated 27 June 1958 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 6th Battalion, 77th Artillery. On 15 October 1966 the 6th Battalion, 77th Artillery was activated at Fort Irwin, California as a towed 105mm howitzer battalion. The battalion arrived in Vietnam on 22 May 1967. Assigned to II Field Force, the 6/77th Artillery was attached to the 25th Division and based at Cu Chi. In 1968 the battalion was assigned to the 54th Artillery Group and on 20 July 1968 was attached to the 9th Infantry Division and based at Can Tho. The battalion was inactivated in Vietnam on 1 June 1969.
Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 6th Battalion was reorganized and redesignated as Battery F, 77th Artillery and
activated in Vietnam on 30 April 1971 as an aerial rocket artillery battery in support of the 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division at Bien Hoa.
The battery was inactivated in Vietnam on 12 August 1971.
The 6th Battalion/Battery F participated in nine Vietnam campaigns receiving two awards of the Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry and the Civil Action Honor Medal.
CAMPAIGN PARTICIPATION CREDIT
|World War I||Vietnam|
|*Aisne-Marne||*Counteroffensive, Phase II|
|*St Mihiel||*Counteroffensive, Phase III|
|*Champaigne 1918||*Counteroffensive, Phase IV|
|*Lorraine 1918||*Counteroffensive, Phase V|
|*Counteroffensive, Phase VI|
|World War II||*Tet 69/Counteroffensive|
|*Sicily (with arrowhead)||*Counteroffensive, Phase VII|
Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1967-68 (6th Battalion, 77th Artillery, Cited; DA GO 48, 1971)
Last Update - February 29, 2012